Born on July 17, 1949, in Leningrad (now St Petersburg).
1971: graduated from Zhdanov Leningrad State University; Doctor of Physics and Mathematics.
1971-1991: junior researcher, laboratory head, deputy director for research, leading researcher at the Ioffe Physical Technical Institute of the Soviet Academy of Sciences, Leningrad.
1991-1993: Vice President of Advanced Technology Centre, St Petersburg.
1994-2001: Director of Regional Foundation for Scientific and Technological Development, St Petersburg.
From 2000: Chairman of the Academic Council of the Centre for Strategic Research North-West Foundation.
2001-2002: Deputy Minister of Industry, Science and Technology of the Russian Federation.
From June 2002: First Deputy Minister of Industry, Science and Technology of the Russian Federation.
From December 2003: Acting Minister of Industry, Science and Technology of the Russian Federation.
March 9, 2004: appointed Minister of Education and Science of the Russian Federation.
State award: Honorary Diploma of the Government of the Russian Federation.