Born on May 9, 1958 in Chedino, Mariinsky Posad District, Republic of Chuvashia.
1980: Graduated from the Law Department of Kazan State University.
1985: Graduated from the graduate studies department of the Soviet Academy of Sciences’ Institute of State and Law.
Professor, PhD (Jurisprudence), DSc (Economics).
1980–1982, 1985–1989: Lecturer at the State University of Chuvashia.
1989: Elected People’s Deputy of the Soviet Union.
1990–1993: Minister of Justice of the Russian Federation.
1993–1994: Deputy of the First State Duma of the Federal Assembly.
1994: Elected President of the Republic of Chuvashia; re-elected in 1997, 2001 and 2005.
1995–2001: Deputy Chairman of the Committee for Constitutional Legislation and Courts of the Federation Council of the Federal Assembly; Deputy Chairman of the Federation Council Committee for International Affairs.
2010- May 2012: Member of the Federation Council of the Federal Assembly.
November 2011: Chairman of the Federation Council Committee for Constitutional Legislation, Courts and Civil Society.
May 21, 2012: Appointed Minister of Agriculture of the Russian Federation by Presidential Executive Order.